Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic.
During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. It's generally not necessary to treat an infected woman's male sexual partner, but bacterial vaginosis can spread between female sexual partners.
Recurrent bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance of the vaginal bacteria normally present in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is a common condition and treatment is available; however, in some women the condition may recur or even become chronic, requiring multiple and sometimes long-term treatments. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when an overgrowth of bacteria normally present in the vagina upsets the natural balance of "good" and harmful bacteria that live in the vagina.
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in your vagina.
For many women, a yeast infection is the first thing that comes to mind when you think about what can go wrong with the vagina. Yet oftentimes, it's an overgrowth of bacteria, not yeast, that causes an infection and the unpleasant symptoms that come along with it. Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is the most common vaginal infection in women ages 15 to
However, it is much more common among girls and women who have had sex with one or more partners. Small amounts of these anaerobic bacteria and Gardnerella can normally be found in your vagina. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the balance of organisms in your vagina is upset and the anaerobic bacteria overgrow.
The makeup of your vaginal ecosystem is in constant flux. It changes with the phases of your reproductive life puberty, menarche, pregnancy, menopause as well as with your hormonal cycle 1, 2. But your vaginal flora works continually to maintain a level of homeostasis, protecting and facilitating fertility before and during your reproductive years, and helping to keep your body healthy your entire life.
It develops when there's an imbalance between the "good" bacteria in the vagina that are helpful and the "bad" bacteria that can cause problems. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and a bad-smelling discharge. But most girls with BV don't notice any symptoms — and that's not necessarily a good thing.
Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of bacteria. In cases of bacterial vaginosis, there is an excess of bad bacteria. This throws the vaginal environment out of balance.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is a common but frustrating condition in which the normal balance of the vaginal flora is disrupted, leading to an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria. Symptoms include itchiness, vaginal discharge, and an unpleasant odor. While BV is readily treated with antibiotics, the recurrence of infection is common, usually within 12 months of treatment. BV tends to affect women in their childbearing years and is often associated with douching, unprotected sex, multiple sex partners, and other risk factors.